Botany

 

 

Personnel

Head of the Laboratory  – Polezhaev Aleksey N., Doctor of Biology ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Leading Researcher – Mochalova Olga A., Candidate of Biology (PhD) ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Leading Researcher – Sinelnikova Nadezhda V., Doctor of Biology ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Leading Researcher – Khoreva Maria Gennadyevna (PhD) ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Senior Researcher Sazanova Nina A., Candidate of Biology (PhD) ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Senior Researcher – Andrianova Elena A., Candidate of Biology (PhD) ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Researcher – Zheludeva Elena V. ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Technical Assistant – Zabrovskaya Yulia A.

Technical Assistant – Pakhomov Mikhail N.

Leading Engineer – Gurey Alla G.

Leading Engineer - Vokhmina Olga N.

 

The laboratory was organized in 1998 on the basis of previously existed Herbarium group.

 

Major trends of research

Both traditional floristic researches and new trends of investigations are being developed by the laboratory.

  • floristic and taxonomical researches (vascular plants, macromycetes, lichens)
  • study of biology of endemic and rare species
  • vegetation mapping with the help of GIS technologies;
  • study of seed biology;
  • study of caryotypes of plants of the Russian Far East
  • plant syntaxonomy according to the Brown-Blanke’ method;
  • study of anthropophilous element in flora of the Magadan region;
  • study of  phenology of the north-eastern plants;
  • study of macromycetes and  lichensof the Magadan region

 

Main research achievements of the Laboratory

  • On the basis of the long-term studies and generalization of all data sets the Annotated checklist of flora consisting of three parts: checklist of woody aboriginal plants, aboriginal herbaceous plants and adventive plants was published (Berkutenko et all., 2011). Previously it was forestalled by the outline of vegetation and map of vegetation of Magadan region. The Annotated checklist includes 1440 species and subspecies, and also 16 nothospecies from 421 genera and 4 nothogenera of 97 families. The woody aboriginal plants comprise 128 species, 51 genera, 19 families; aboriginal herbaceous plants – 1039  species and subspecies, and also 15 nothospecies, 282 genera and 4 nothogenera, 79 families; adventive plants (including 22 pseudoaboriginal ones) – 295 species and subspecies, 1 nothospecies from 165 genera and 36 families.Data on flora composition and distribution were supplemented considerably. 157 species (41 aboriginal and 115 adventive ones) are new records for Magadan region in comparison with earlier floristic reviews. Among them 65 findings (17 aboriginal and 48 adventive ones), which were not published before. 4 nothospecies are described as new for science. 105 species are illustrated by line original drawings.
  • Herbarium of vascular plants is constantly being enlarged. Now it contains about 100000 specimens; the herbarium received its international index – MAG – in 1997.  The collection of fungi-macromycete consists of more than 20000 samples. Scince 2010 the lichen herbarium has been creating, which now includes approximately 1000 specimens. Sets of exicatored lichens have also been collecting. The creation of virtual herbarium of vascular plants of North-East Asia is started.
  • The check-list of vascular plants of Magadan Nature Reserve is compiled. It consists of 5 parts belonging to 5 clusters of the Reserve, and in total comprises 670 species, 259 genera and 82 families. History of investigation of the Reserve flora is described. Rare, protected and adventive species are characterized with special emphasis. The most important floristic records for the last two decades are given (Calamagrostis pseudophragmites, Trichophorum alpinum, Myrica tomentosa, Hammarbya paludosa, Вatrachium mongolicum и др.). (Mochalova et al., 2011).
  • The information about the area’s frontiers of the Siberian Spruce in the extreme Far Eastern isolated locations is given. The area of Spruce in the Yama “Spruce island” is about 100 sq. km. The dynamics of seed yield in 2002-2010 are characterized, the four-year cycle of high seed yield of  spruce  is revealed.
  • Composition and distribution of aquatic vascular plants in Magadan region is studied. Data on species composition, distribution and ecology of 7 species of Sparganium growing in Magadan region, are generalized (Mochalova, 2009). Numerous new data on distribution of aquatic plants, their floristic and taxonomic status are obtained.
  • Annotated checklist of synanthropic flora of Magadan region consisted of 616 species and 256 genera, 63 families and also 9 notospecies and 2 notogenera, was composed. New records for Magadan region were 102 species from 25 genera and 1 notospecies. 77 adventive and 11 aboriginal species were found in new floristic districts. Four notospecies were described as new for science species. Analysis of synanthropic species was given, the methods and the ways of invasion of adventive species in Magadan region were revealed, and their naturalization was investigated (Lysenko, 2011).
  • The Red Data Book of Chukotka Autonomous District (vol. 2 Plants 2008) and the Red Data Book of Magadan region (2008) were published.
  • Flora of volcanoes of South-East Kamchatka was investigated. In general, 299 species from 173 genera were revealed on three mostly visited volcanoes of South-East Kamchatka: Avachinskyi, Korjakskyi and Mutnovskyi, where6 species were included in the Red Data book of Kamchatka: Fimbrystylis ochotensis, Cypripedium yatabeanum, Orchis patens, Platanthera camtschatica, Chrysosplenium wrightii, Taraxacum albescens, endemic species for Kamchatka were Fimbrystylis ochotensis, Deschampsia pauzhetica, Taraxacum natschikense (latter species is subendemic, was found on Kurile islands as well). Only native species were included in the list. Anthopogenic species were the subject of special investigation (Berkutenko, 2012).
  • 107 out from 299 species grow on all three volcanoes; alpine and subalpine species include Rhodiola integrifolia,  Anemone narcissiflora ssp. sibirica, Cardamine bellidifolia, Cardaminopsis lyrata, Saxifraga cherlerioides, S. funstonii, S. merkii, Parnassia palustris, Sibbaldia procumbens, Eriophorum scheuchzeri, Luzula arcuata, L. multiflora, Tofieldia coccinea. Veratrum oxysepalum, Lloydia serotina, Salix sphenophylla, Oxyria digyna, Stellaria eschscholtziana,  Astragalus alpinus, Oxytropis ochotensis, Geranium erianthum, Viola epipsiloides, Chamerion latifolium, Epilobium alpinum, E. hornemanii, Tilingia ajanensis, Arctous alpina, Bryanthus gmelinii, Cassiope lycopodioides, Harrimanella stellerana, Ledum decumbens, Loiseleuria procumbens, Phyllodoce caerulea, Pyrola minor, Rhododendron aureum, Rh. camtschaticum, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Diapensia obovata,  Primula cuneifolia, Castilleja pallida, Pedicularis capitata, P. lanata, P. oederi, P. verticillata,  Pennelianthus frutescens, Veronica grandiflora, Campanula lasiocarpa, Artemisia arctica,  A. glomerata, Erigeron thunbergii and others.
  • Pulsatilla multifida was found only on Korjakskyi volcano, Cystopteris fragilis, Diphasiastrum sitchense, Hordeum brachyantherum, Deschamsia borealis, D. glauca, D. paramuschirensis, D. pauzhetica,  Eleocharis  kamtschatica, Fimbrystylis ochotensis, Juncus bufonius, J. filiformis, Salix polaris, Rumex hultenii, Oxytropis excerta, Hypericum kamtschaticum, Epilobium palustre, Arcterica nana, Phyllodoce aleutica, Pedicularis chamissonis, Gnaphalium uliginosum, Picris kamtschatica, Saussurea nuda, Taraxacum natschikense were found onMutnovskyi volcano.
  • First 10 most abundant families are represented in the following order: Poaceae and Asteraceae 31 species for each,   Ericaceae  and Fabaceae –17  species for each,   Cyperaceae – 16 species,   Ranunculaceae and Scrophulariaceae – 13 species for each,   Salicaceae  and Caryophyllaceae   -  12 species,   Liliaceae s.l.  -11 species.
  • Genus spectrum is represented as follows:Сarex – 13 species,  Salix – 11 species,  Saxifraga –  8 specis,  Viola – 6 specis,  Agrostis, Equisetum, Oxytropis и  Artemisia – 5 species for each.
  • Calamagrostis and Deschampsia – 4 species for each, 121 out from 173 genera has one species.
  • Only aboriginal species of plants are included into the list. Due to high attendance of volcanoes, strangers and weeds, such as Lepidotheca suaveolens, Plantago major, Leontodon autumnalis,  Taraxacum sp., Achillea millefolium, Polygonum aviculare s.l., Poa annua, Rumex longifolius, Trifolium repens, Tripleurospermum  perforatum et al.are being introduced into the habitable territories (tourist and ski camps, the Mutnovskaya geothermal station). However, observation of anthropogenic species in specific conditions of volcanism can be the subject of another investigation.
  • New data on distribution of plant species in Magadan region and adjacent territories of Chukotka, Kamchatka, CommanderIslands, Sakhalin, Primorie and Priamurie were obtained; representatives of new species and genera for these areas were described. Flora of the islands of the area of northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk and of CommanderIslands has been studied; species composition and distribution of pondweed species (Potamogeton) growing in Okhotia and the Kolyma basin were revised, areas of 17 species were verified. A new species (Valeriana murrayii Krasnob. et Berkutenko) from the Upper Kolyma area was described.
  • Germination and storage peculiarities of seeds of over 300 species of the region’s flora were studied. Classification of germination type was worked out, a relationship between germination character and species ecology was revealed. Change of germinability during storage process of over 100 plant species was investigated.
  • Study of species diversity of macromycetes on the territory of Magadan region and generalization of all data allowed revealing of 623 species of basidium and cup fungi. In systematic relation they are integrated into 9 classes and 12 subclasses, referring to 212 genera, 75 families and 24 orders. Apparently, current systematic list does not represent comprehensive species diversity of macromycetes of all natural complexes of the region, but it give the idea of up-to-date knowledge about mycobiota. The richest species diversity belongs to basidium macromycetes represented by 582 species. Among them agarikoid fungi prevail – 416 species, then goes aphyllophoroid fungi – 120 species, coral fungi – 20 specoes. 13 species of heterobasidium and 13 species of gasteroid fungi were revealed on the studied area. Cap fungi, represented relatively large discomycetes and flask fungi, include 41 species (Sazanova, 2009).
  • Inventory of macromycetes is being continued, data on fungi are gradually supplemented by new findings of species, habitats of rare species and annotated lists of certain territories. For the first time for Magadan region the finding of Chlorophyllum agaricoides (Czern.) Vellinga (Sazanova, 2011) was reported, 20 more new for Magadan region species were found on ZavyalovaIsland (Sazanova, 2012).
  • The Red Data Book of Magadan region (2008) gives outlines for 27 species of macromycetes:
  • Hydnotrya tulasnei (Berk.) Berk. et Broome, Hypocreopsis lichenoides (Tode) Seaver, Verpa conica var. conica (O. F. Müll.) Sw., Microstoma  protractum (Fr.) Kanouse, Xylaria polymorpha (Pers.) Grev., Amanita rubescens var. annulosulphurea Gillet., Leccinum arctoi Vassilkov, Leccinum percandidum (Vassilkov) Watling, Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) Р. Karst., Hericium alpestre Pers., Hericium coralloides (Scop.) Pers., Hydnum albidum Peck, Hydnum repandum L., Onnia  tomentosa (Fr.) P. Karst., Geastrum minimum Schwein., Nidularia pulvinata (Schwein.) Fr., Clavariadelphus pistillaris (L.) Donk., Ramariaabietina (Pers.) Quél., Artomycespyxidatus (Pers.) Jülich, Cortinarius caperatus (Pers.) Fr., Daedaleopsis septentrionalis (P. Karst.) Niemelä,  Heliocybe sulcata (Berk.) Redhead et Ginns, Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Murril, Trichaptum abietinum (Dicks.) Ryvarden, Polyporus choseniae (Vassilkov) Parmasto, Lactarius deliciosus (L.) Gray, LactariusdeterrimusGröger.
  • Data on mycobiota of the Magadan Nature Reserve were generalized. A list of 322 species was composed; ecologiсal trophic groups of macromycetes were analyzed. Exploration degree according to Reserve’s clusters was characterized, and information about rare and monitoring species for each cluster was given (Sazanova, 2010, 2011).
  • A preliminary list of lichens of Magadan region, comprising approximately 378 species, was composed. The results of the studies allowed revealing 87 species as new records for coastal territories, 23 species of macrolichens as new records for Magadan region. Three “Red Data Book” species and 7 rare species of lichens were revealed for the northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk. Species diversity of the Magadan Nature Reserve has being started. A general list of revealed for today lichens for the whole territory of the Magadan Nature Reserve includes 96 species; for the Ola area (the Koni Peninsular), 76 species, and for Yama area, 59 species.
  • New data on distribution of plant species in Magadan region and adjacent territories of Chukotka, Kamchatka, CommanderIslands, Sakhalin, Primorie and Priamurie were obtained; representatives of new species and genera for these areas were described. Flora of the northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk and of CommanderIslands has been studied; species composition was revised and distribution of pondweed growing in Okhotia and the Kolyma basin was analysed. Eventually, habitats of 17 species were specified. A new species (Valeriana murrayii Krasnob. et Berkutenko) from the Upper Kolyma area was described.
  • Data on distribution of rare species of Magadan region, represented on digital maps along with digital colored images of plants were updated.
  • Data base of vascular plants of Magadan region, comprising about 1500 species, has been created.
  • Crucifers family was taxonomically revised, and results wererepresented in Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East (Berkutenko, 1988).
  • The “Medicinal and Plants of Alaska and the Far East of Russia” was published as a result of cooperation in the sphere of ethnobotany, summarizing traditions of plants’ exploitation on both sides of the Bering Strait.
  • Macromycetes fungi have been studied, their collection now includes more than 3000 specimens; electronic catalogue of macromycetes fungi of Magadan region consisting of 405 species and infraspecific taxa belonging to 136 genera, 50 families, 20 orders and including 1882 samples of fungi was compiled. Each species has description of its administrative region and geographical coordinates of collection, phytocenosis and feeding substrate, frequency of occurrence and gathering season.
  • Peculiarities of seeds germination of more than 300 species of Magadan region’s flora, as well as change of their viability in the process of storage, have been studied.

 

In the field of vegetation mapping:

  • Scientific and methodical representation of vegetation cover from large regions of the northern Far East on thematic maps of different scales with using of GIS technologies were developed.
  • Data base of digital cartographic and attributive information about the Northern Far East vegetation was created. 
  • Generalized large-scale and survey maps of vegetation in Magadan region, Chukotka and Koryak Autonomous Districts, a medium-scale map of vegetation of Sakha Republic’s arctic territories (Yakutia), a small-scale map of vegetation of Circumpolar Arctic (including Chukotka, Yakutia, Taimyr), of vegetation from pastures of reindeers in Chukchi Autonomous District, have been composed.
  • Hierarchical schemes of geobotanical subdivision of Magadan region, Chukotka and Koryak Autonomous Districts have been worked out prevailing vegetation complexes have been studied, and their habitats in Magadan region, Chukotka and Koryak Autonomous Districts have been defined.
  • Following innovation projects of information systems have been realized: standard design of reindeer farming pasture arrangement (in cooperation with the North-Eastern Agricultural Research Institute); «Magadan region forest map» (in cooperation with the Forestry administration of Magadan region); plan of forestry management of the Kava-Chelomdzha site in “Magadanskiy” nature reserve (in cooperation with the “Magadanskiy” nature reserve); “Phytoecological map of Sverdlovsk region” (in cooperation with the Institute of Plant and Animal  Ecology at Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences).

                                  

Total number of defended theses

For the period of existence of the laboratory 1 Doctorate (A.N. Berkutenko) and 2 Candidate (PhD) (O.A. Mochalova, M.G. Khoreva)  theses have been defended.

 

Total number of publications

Over 150 papers, including 4 monographs, were published by the laboratory’s workers.

 

Main publications

Andrijanova E A., Mochalova O.A , Firsov G.A. Siberian spruce (Picea obovata Ledeb.) at extreme north-eastern border of its natural habitat in the North-East of Asia // British Conifer Society Journal, November 2004.

Berkutenko A.N., Virek E. 1995. Medicinal and food plants of Alaska and the Far East of Russia. Vladivostok. 192p.

Berkutenko A.N. 2003. On genus Borodinia (Cruciferae) // Journal of Botany. V. 88. #11. Pp. 130-136.

Berkutenko A.N. 2004. Some results of plants’ introduction in Magadan // Bulletin of the MainBotanical Garden. Issue 188. Pp. 3-10.

Berkutenko. A.N. 2006. Atlas of the Plants of Magadan Region. M.:Amipress. 100p.

Berkutenko A.N. 2007. Woody plants of Northern Sakhalin. Atlas-manual. 68p., color.ill. 339.

Berkutenko A.N. 2011. Woody Plants of Magadan Region. Atlas-manual. 67 p., 235 color illustrations.

Berkutenko A.N. 2012. They bloom on Kamchatka volcanoes. – Magadan: NESC. – 160 p.

Data base A list of Vascular Plants of Magadan Region.

Flora and climatic conditions of Northern Pacific (collected articles). Editor-in-chief Polezhaev A.N. Magadan: IBPN FEB RAS. 2001. 228p. // Flora and Climatic Conditions of Northern Pacific (a collection of scientific papers) Editors A.N.Berkutenko, H.G.Lumsden, D.Lumsden, Magadan: IBPN FEB RAS, 2002, 189 p.

Flora and Vegetation of Magadan region (Cheklist of Vscular Plants and Outline of Vegetation). 2010. Magadan: IBPN FEB RAS. 364p.

Govorova O.K., Sazanova N.A. 2003. Heterobasidial and aphyllophoral fungi of Magadan region // Mycology and phytopathology. V. 37. Issue 4. Pp. 28-39.

Khoreva M.G. 2003. Flora of the islands of the northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk. Magadan: IBPN FEB RAS. 173p.

Lysenko D.S. 2012. Sinantropic flora of Magadan region. Magadan : NESC. 2012. 111p.

Mochalova O.A., Berkutenko A.N., Kuznetsova M.G. 1995. Vascular plants of the Koni Peninsular (northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk) // Journal of Botany. V. 80. #12. Pp. 46-63.

Mochalova O.A., Yakubov V.V. 2004. Flora of CommanderIslands. Vladivostok. 120p.

Mochalova O.A., Andriyanova E.A. 2004. On isolated locations of the Siberian spruce (Picea obovata) in the North-East of Russia // Journal of Botany. #12. Pp. 1823-1840.

Mochalova O.A., Khoreva M.G., Zelenskaya L.A. 2005. Vegetation cover in colonies of Tufted puffins (Lunda cirrhata) on the islands of Northern Pacific // Biology and conservation of birds on Kamchatka, Issue 7, Moscow.

Polezhaev A.N., Berkutenko A.N. 1995. Vegetation Changes in the Northern Russian Far East as a Result of Human Activity // Polar Geography. pp. 239-255.

Polezhaev A.N. 2004. Vegetation // Geographic atlas of Chukchi Autonomous District. Moscow. Scale 1:15000000.

Polezhaev A.N. 2004. A map of the reindeers’ pasture. Scale 1:15000000 // Geographic atlas of Chukchi Autonomous District. Moscow. Pp. 26-27.

Polezhaev A.N. 2005. Growth and distribution of fruticose lichens in the North of the Far East of Russia // Vestnik NESC. #2.

Sazanova N.A. 2000. Fungi of the Okhotsk-Kolyma region. Magadan. IBPN FEB RAS. 150p.

Sazanova N.A. 2009. Macromycetes of the Magadan region. - Magadan: NESC FEB RAS. 196 p.

Sinelnikova N.V., Pakhomov M.N. 2003. Seasonal development of Empetrum nigrum s.l. in the upper reaches of the Kolyma (Magadan region) // Vegetation resources. Issue 3. Pp. 63-73.

Sinelnikova N. V. 2009. Classification of plant communities of the Upper Kolyma region (North-East Russia). Magadan: NESC FEB RAS. 214 p.

Updated Data Base A List of Vascular Plants Species of Magadan Region.

Walker D., Рolezhaev А .N. et al. 2003. Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map, Scale 1:7500000, CAVM Team. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Map № 1. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

 

Contacts


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